International Geologiical Congress - Oslo 2008

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ICG-01 International Consortium of Geological Surveys

 

The Geological Survey of Japan, Past, Present and Future

 

Kato Hirokazu, Geological Survey of Japan, AIST (Japan)
K Wakita, Geological Survey of Japan (Japan)
Y Suzuki, Geological Survey of Japan, AIST (Japan)
 

 

The Geological Survey of Japan (GSJ) has more than 100 years history. In 1882 the GSJ was established in the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce with the goals to make geological maps of the country, undertake research related to soils for agriculture and explore mineral resources. In 1948 the GSJ was restructured into the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology (former AIST) of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. In 1979 the GSJ and eight AIST institutes distributed in Tokyo were moved to Tsukuba Science City to be assembled on the same premises. Geological Museum was opened the next year. In 2001 the GSJ was merged into the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (new AIST) on April 1st due to the central government reform on January 6th. It consists of more than 60 research units which include several research fields such as electronics, biotechnology, chemistry, environment, mechatronics, metrology and geological survey, and administrative departments in charge of management. It is one of the Japan's largest public research organizations with many research facilities and around 3,200 employees. To carry out the "geological survey", 3 geoscientific research units, two collaborative research teams, related service divisions/offices and Geological Museum are engaged in research activities on the mission, which had been conducted by the former Geological Survey of Japan of former AIST. The mission of the GSJ before WWII was to make geological maps of the country, undertake research related to explore coal and mineral resources. In after WWII the GSJ contributed to the rapid progress in geophysical and geochemical exploration methods for minerals and concentrated to resources exploration for the post WWII recovery in Japan. In 1970's the GSJ expanded its scientific activities into the fields of marine geology, geothermal energy, local and global environmental issues and prediction and prevention of natural hazards in response to changing social needs. The current mission of the GSJ is to provide useful and impartial geoscientific information to the public for effective utilization of our lands and offshore area, resources development, and managing the environment by systematic surveying and fundamental and applied research.

 

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