Volker Steinbach, Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (Germany)
Djumarma Wirakusuma, Geological Agency (Indonesia)
Arne Hoffmann-Rothe, Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (Germany)
Ulrich Ranke, Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (Germany)
The tsunami and all the other natural disasters are affecting Indonesia's social and economic life considerably.
The tsunami on December 26, 2004 claimed more than 150,000 human lives and left even more people homeless. Indonesia is almost daily affected by natural disasters. About 200 to 300 natural disasters occur every year - earthquakes, land slides, vulcanic eruptions and flooding are posing a considerable threat to the population.
Based on this the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, Germany is carrying out together with the Geological Agency of Indonesia, the local Authority for Mining and Energy of the Province Aceh and other Indonesian Institutes and Authorities three projects in the field of mitigation of geohazards. The projects support the national government in establishing laws and guidelines for the mitigation of geohazards and the local government's services in assessing and evaluating local geological hazards. It is aimed at making distaster mitigation and management a political and social imperative. The technical findings are converted into recommendations for the local governments to plan for disaster reducing activities in order to better safeguard the living environment of the local population. Data and methodical approaches form the information basis are made available for local decision makers.
The approach of a multi hazards assessment enables to assess the geohazards with respect to their different and complex dependencies. It focuses on a "Geological Hazards Summary Map" that serves as a basis for local and regional planning decisions. In order to increase the local population disaster coping capacity, the projects assist selected local governments to institutionalize a dialog involving all civil society groups, local governments, scientists as well as technical experts. Action plans have been discussed that will be implemented in a participatory way in order to strengthen the self help potential of the population (community based disaster risk management).
For a sustainable reconstruction of destroyed regions, it is necessary to consider the natural conditions at an early stage of the planning phase and to put focus on the areas susceptibility to the impact of all kind of natural disasters. It is important to supply geoscientific information on georisks to regional and town planners and to assist in implementing recommendations in order to better safeguard the living environment of the local population.
By strengthening the cooperation between the geological authorities and the political level the projects will develop laws for the mitigation of geohazards and will implement geoscientific recommendations for regional and urban planning. Another main aspect is to provide assistance to the definition of standardized procedures, elaboration of guidelines and their regulatory statutes to the point of institutional establishment.