International Geologiical Congress - Oslo 2008

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MPI-01 General contributions to igneous petrology

 

A geochemical and petrological investigation of the volcanic activity in the Andagua valley, Peru: Implications for magma chamber processes at the northernmost part of CVZ

 

Erik Vest Sørensen, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (Denmark)
Paul Martin Holm, Department of Geography and Geology, Geocenter Copenhagen, University of Copenhagen (Denmark)
 

 

Major and trace element and Sr and Nd isotope data is presented from the Andagua valley scoria cone and lava field (15°32'S 72°19'W), Southern Peru in the northernmost part of the Central Volcanic Zone (CVZ). The rocks are all quite evolved in composition (SiO2 = 55-64 wt.%) and classify as benmoreites, latites and few mugearites and trachytes. Samples are characterized by high Na2O (4,2-5,2 wt.%), Sr (600-1300 ppm), Ba (800-1600 ppm). The main difference between the benmoreites and latites is in the Na2O content that reach the highest so far reported from CVZ for these SiO2 concentrations. The rocks are generally nearly aphyric but latites and trachytes are more porphyritic. Amphibole microphenocrysts generally are only present in latites and trachytes. The difference between benmoreite and latite samples is reflected in lower P2O5 and Zr content of the latite samples documenting the existence of two compositional different parental magma types. The investigated volcanic activity spans the Pleistocene to Recent with the historic activity concentrated in the area just south of Andagua.

Combined relative stratigraphy, petrography and geochemistry define volcanic units and demonstrate that rocks from Chilcayoc Grande, Chilcayoc Chico 2, Jenchana, Sucna 1 and Chilcayoc Chico 1 represent the most recent volcanic activity. The main trend samples, each form a co-magmatic group resulting in sub-parallel trends in many variations diagrams. It is furthermore shown that these trends point towards calculated mixing lines relating the individual units through a binary mixing process, thus indicating a two stage evolution. In the case of Jenchana, Sucna 1 and Chilcayoc Chico 1, the samples define positive correlations trends in the Sr vs. Rb diagram that can be extrapolated back towards origo indicating nearly perfect incompatibility of Sr and Rb. This together with generally high Sr/Y (50-105) and low Y content (< 16 ppm) suggest lack of plagioclase fractionation and residual garnet in the source and is taken as evidence for relatively high pressure (lower crustal) origin of the mixing event. The amphibole bearing samples form individual co-magmatic groups that cannot be related to each other. This means that the amphibole bearing samples originates from different magmas. The lavas of the Ninamama group are comparable in age to the main trend samples but different in petrography and composition, why two compositional different magmas must have existed within a small confined area within a limited time span.

 

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