International Geologiical Congress - Oslo 2008


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GHZ-04 Earthquake hazard assessment and geotechnics


Conceptual design of wetlands to treat acid mine drainage from the dalsung W-Cu Mine, Korea


Young-Kook Hong, Korea Institute of Geoscience & Mineral Resources (Republic of Korea)


Sulfate reduction and the precipitation of metal sulfides may have great potential to improve water quality of mine effluents in wetland treatment systems. Laboratory experiments using sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) and limestone to treat effluents from the abandoned Dalsung tungsten-copper mine show that encouraging results, that have been attributed to sulfate reduction. Fe, Al, Cd, Cu and Zn are reduced to below detection limits with 99-100% metal removal rates, Mn is reduced by at least 90% to below 8.0 mg/l, and the pH is raised from 5.12 to 7.60 after 53 days of experiments. In the staged design, laboratory experiments are initiated to determine what would be reasonable substrate materials for remediation of the mine effluents. A substrate mixture containing 70% oak compost and 30% mushroom compost maintains 0.03 - 0.04 mM of lactate, which provides good condition for the SRB granule. A downflow SRB wetland system is proposed as follows: 1) The lower part of the treatment system consists with a 25 cm thick layer of high quality (above 95% of CaCO2 of limestone; 2) The geotextile (geonet) is recommended to be spread on the limestone bed to prevent clogging the limestones with the substrates; 3) The mixture of substrates with 70% oak and 30% spent mushroom composts, and SRB granules overlain on top of the geonet with 25 cm height. The sizes of the passive treatment systems are calculated according to metal loading and permeability criteria: l) 220m3 (15 x l5 x l m) for -1 level effluents; 2) 28 m3 (5.3 x 5.3 x l m) for -2 level; and 3) 2700 m3 (52 x 52 x l m) for the -3 level. The -3 level system needs to be broken down into 5 to 15 cells.


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