International Geologiical Congress - Oslo 2008


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IEE-02 Geoscience for schools in developing countries


Need for teaching geosciences at school levels in South Asian and other developing countries


Suhail Anjum Choudhary, Federal Urdu University (Pakistan)
Viqar Husain, University of Karachi (Pakistan)


Geo-science is not taught in South Asian countries at school and college levels. It is disadvantageous for two reasons. First, children remain unaware about the internal and external processes operating within and on the earth's surfaces resulting in many types of landforms, water bodies and geo-hazards. Secondly, geology is also not taught in secondary schools before university admission on the same level as other sciences, as to give the young student the possibility to choose the branch, which appeals to him. Besides, ever increasing urbanization and industrialization causing stresses on fossil fuels, minerals and fresh water resources have made it imperative that school children are taught the importance of these resources and ways to conserve them. Moreover, the issues related to environment, industrial, domestic, rural and urban waste management practices should also be taught to them. Further, scarcity of safe drinking water particularly, in rural and sub-urban areas and frequent droughts, floods, earthquakes tsunamis, sea water intrusion, underground and surface water bodies pollution through out the developing world have made the subject of geo-science more important both for future citizens and policy makers. Thus, all scientific organizations and international NGOs like UNESCO, IUGS, AGID and SEGMITE should play the vital role in preparing syllabi for teaching geosciences in schools all over developing and developed world in coming years.


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