Copper mineralization in Jordan is present within the Cambrian Burj Dolomite and Abu Khushaiba Sandstone formations along the eastern side of Wadi Araba, extending from the southeastern part of the Dead Sea to Gharandel in the south. Copper bearing sediments are present in four main regions: Wadi Abu Khushaiba (2 km2), Finan area (30 km2), Khirbat Al Nahas (60 km2) and Um Al Amad-(Wadi Malaqa).
Copper exploration studies were started in 1961 by the German Geologic Mission Detailed studies on copper bearing sediments were carried out by Natural Resources Authority and private companies over 30 years until 1996. Dana Natural Reserve was established in 1996 by the Royal Scientific Society for Conservation of Nature (RSSCN). Since the establishment of Dana Reserve, exploration studies were paned. Even, there was an approval from the government to continue exploration in the area, but the RSSCN paned the activities in the area.
Detailed studies on copper mineralization in Wadi Araba indicate that the value of copper reserve is up to 7.5 billion JD according to the present international price of copper. Utilization of the copper mineralization in Jordan will offer 250-350 million JD in addition to the infrastructure and the employment of 800 labor and technicians. Mining exploration within the frame of international regulations and rehabilitation of quarries will participate broadly in minimizing the environmental impact on the area, taking into consideration that the means of life in area where the copper is cropped out is very scarce.